- Re-imagining Twitter – Example of how making it complex changes its potential. There's nothing intuitive about categories and stories: they are social concepts imported to bootstrap connection. What they do is make contextual information explicit rather than implicit. That adds to what can be carried by 140 characters. Ease of use gives way to augmentation. The link to lowercase capital in the subhead of the article is both a prominent move and a declaration of alignment (calling attention to itself *because* it's in the subhead). If we make it more complex, more people will use it! – (augmentation twitter socialmedia socialpractices erhetoric )
- What’s Your Algorithmic Citizenship? | Citizen Ex – A Chrome extension that records (locally) the physical location of the servers that hold the sites you visit. We have defined identity by place and origin. What happens when we become visitors? A DH project by James Bridle, co-commissioned by The space and the Southbank Centre. I'm in. – (DH identity geolocation geopsycology )
- Writing, Unteachable or Mistaught? – – (comp_theory )
I finally made a start on Composing in FedWiki, with Rethinking Composing in FedWiki. The premise: FedWiki presents a rhetorical context unlike that of traditional, commons-based wikis. So it’s an opportunity to rethink some of the compositional moves developed for the traditional wiki.
I have two ends here. One is to make wiki writing more substantive than it has been in the past:
Years of watching thread mode discussions go on at Weblogs and Wikis and the advent of FedWiki as a distributed system has encouraged me to re-think the old ThreadMode into DocumentMode pattern of composing. ThreadMode is an inventional technique – a way of locating and trying out the ways that an idea might be constructed and a document composed. But documents don’t get composed; contributors stay in thread mode. The reasons are complex, I’m sure, but little moves forward in thread mode.
And a second is to explore what federated composing can bring us:
Because each contributor owns her own iteration of the fedwiki, she – each of us – is responsible for her own refactoring – her own development of the argument, her own dissertation, which lives with her. A set of notes won’t do in this case. For a page to become part of the linked federation, the [[Chorus of Voices]] (an idea forwarded by Ward and now picked up by the community), it will need to be discursive. Or, put better, those pages that become part of the community will be discursive rather than threads.
What I’m doing in Rethinking Composing in FedWiki is looking at both street-level techniques and rhetorical strategies.
I’m setting aside some of the patterns from traditional wiki writing (ThreadMode, DocumentMode, the WikiWord, the fallback use of bullet lists) for patterns more aligned with the distributed nature of FedWiki. Even the pattern of moving from ThreadMode to DocumentMode goes away for a move from Dissertation to Discourse.
That is, we move [[From Dissertation to Discourse]] rather than from thread mode to document mode. In Radical Discourse, we place partially- or wholly-formed arguments in meaningful orders. This can be done as a set of paragraphs on a page, or as a set of links and stubs.
A few things are lost: WikiWords as topics, for instance, is a loss because it serves as such a quick way of creating a linked page, a quickness and facility that the wiki was named for. But that quickness is a feature of the new rhetorical context I’m addressing in Rethinking. Yeah, being able to create and link nodes with little effort is good. But what goes in the nodes needs some refinement to be valuable to one’s federation. We were taking the quick-to-create-a-node idea into quick and easy to create content. Rather than outside research and serious drafting, we would go onto ThreadMode-like freewriting. Even formatting is implicated in the drive for speed: bullet lists instead of formed paragraphs. We worked with the idea that someone else would come along and tidy things up.
The aspect of the commons also gets in the way of creating commonality. We were trying to negotiate all aspects and points of view on one shared page – a rhetorically difficult and sophisticated task. That difficulty is really worth working thorough, but the wiki, with its emphatic speed and shared commonality works against the task. Contributors leave pages in pre-draft states – pages of notes rather that of arguments and propositions that can be further built on. We never really get to enacting or presenting the multiple points of view.
I’m thinking about a different way of thinking about software tools. A move from valuing them for their Ease of Use to valuing them for their Augmentation. Using a tool for the augmentation of intellect is not easy to do, and it’s not easy to learn how to do it. In augmentation, at the very least the tool doesn’t get in the way of doing something new. At best, the tool changes understanding. I’m not looking at FedWiki as a typewriter-like tool, where work is selecting from a finite set of signifiers, so much as a painter’s brush and pallet, where work involves conceptualization and reconceptualization. Yeah, it’s an art rather than a transcription (which a lot of ThreadMode tends to be: a transcription of commonplaces).
The significant change in the rhetorical situation of writing with FedWiki is a move from a shared commons to a locally-owned federation. This move changes how we handle multiple arguments and points of view. It doesn’t eliminate them, but it seems they have to be more fully formed than a set of notes in order to work with them in a federation. The federated model is, perhaps, a more accurate – er, useful? – model of how knowledge is distributed in both its commonality and difference than the commons-based model. It could be more fragmented than the commons-based wiki seems to suggest, but it could also be that the commons is pretty fragmented already but tarred over to conceal the differences. The matter that interests me is the dynamic of local construction and public distribution. Each contributor architects her own iteration drawn from publicly shared elements – right down to the paragraphs! – and places that iteration in public circulation. There are rhetorical possibilities in these circumstances that are worth exploring.
Finally, to consider is the wiki not as an end but a space of creation and composition. A few weeks of The Teaching Machines Happening, and the articles, ideas, and posts that are emerging from that Happening (Hello, Audrey) made it clear that FedWiki needs supplementing by way of a blog, email list, twitter, or some other commons. The FedWiki might become a working space, where material is re-mixed and repurposed, until it is brought out of the shop and distributed.
So: Augmentation, Federation, Distribution. We’ll see where this goes.
- From Computer Lib / Dream Machines – from New Media Reader (better in the print version) – (DigitalHumanities DH hypertext Xanadu augmentation )
- Bernstein: Patterns of Hypertext – 1998 considerations of patterns seen emerging in published hypertexts. Cycles, tangles, counter-point, and the like – with icons.
Printable Version at http://www.eastgate.com/patterns/Print.html – (dh digitalhumanities hypertext wikis )
- Hypertext Gardens – Mark Bernstein's consideration of how hypertext can work. The pdf version is here: faculty.washington.edu/farkas/TC510/BernsteinGardens.pdf – (DH hypertext DigitalHumanities )
- ENGL 104B Web Projects | COMMA – – (DH DigitalHumanities )
- Prufock Paralyzed in Time 104B – Student composed hypertext essay on Prufrock. Neatly done. A mix of annotations and commentary. – (DH DigitalHumanities Boxlogic )
- Mapping Mrs. Dalloway | COMMA – A DH project. As it says on the tin. Extracts from the novel at each mapped point. – (DH DigitalHumanities Britlit )
- COMMA | arcades – a visual companion to the Arcades Project – Pictures! Each convolute fronted by a summary, with contemporary images glossing the text. – (arcades DH DigitalHumanities )
- What We Find on Found: Lists as Art, Artifact, and Sites of Connection | The New Everyday – How found (anonymous) lists encourage semiosis by (anonymous) readers. Illustrates how we construct character. – (Lists notetaking repurposing )
- Licklider – Man-Computer Symbiosis 1960 – "The main aims are 1) to let computers facilitate formulative thinking as they now facilitate the solution of formulated problems, and 2) to enable men and computers to cooperate in making decisions and controlling complex situations without inflexible dependence on predetermined programs." – (history internet augmentation )
- Engelbart: Augmenting Human Intellect (1962) – Invented the mouse, windows, much of the GUI, implemented hypertext and collaborative computing. Early thinking about how computers can help us learn and do. – (newmedia history internet augmentation )
- V Bush – As We May Think – The Atlantic – Classic for history of new and social media, hypertext, internet. The only good use of microfilm ever created. 1945 – (history internet newmedia notetaking scholarship2.0 writing )
- [toread] Image:Repeater Bridge.jpg – DD-WRT Wiki – – (via:gwalter )
- Wiki Journaling – – (Wiki extremcomposing en3177 ple )
- [toread] Shelly Terrell: Global Netweaver, Curator, PLN Builder | DMLcentral – – (Ple pln en3177 )
- [toread] Commonplace Books — Old Wine in New Bottles – – (via:eclectics )