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Reading: Language Log » Corpora and the Second Amendment: “bear arms” (part 3)

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From part 1

My focus in this post will be on the Supreme Court’s conclusion that at the time the Second Amendment was proposed and ratified, bear arms unambiguously meant ‘carry weapons, for purposes of being prepared for a confrontation,’ without regard to whether the carrying was in connection with military service. What I conclude is that even without taking account of how bear arms was actually used, the court’s arguments don’t hold up. Assuming for the sake of argument that bear arms could reasonably have been understood to mean what the court said it meant, the court didn’t show that it unambiguously meant that.

If you doubt the conclusions, you can run your own analysis on the data he provides.

the pool of data that is inconsistent with Heller (not including lines that are ambiguous) is increased by about two-thirds, from 505 to 847.

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Reading: Linguistic purity in the EU

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What? It’s a metaphor? An alogy?

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Reading: It’s Time to Move Away from the Digital Classroom in Our Smartphone-Altered Universe

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Smartphones and pervasiveness could help us undo the knots education admin created for online learning.

Education administrators who have bought into the various digital-platform models, on the other hand, have long seen their avenues of digital instruction as a way to reduce reliance on teachers by regularizing curricula through digital replication and turning the teachers into overseers, people there simply to solve problems as students take more and more control of their education. The digital, these people dreamed, could make most teachers redundant.

Though student control of their own education is a laudable goal, that’s not the only goal of those pushing online education. Cost-cutting and streamlining are even more important ends. Producing a workforce augmentation implemented seamlessly also is.

The growth of the student as a person and a citizen is not. Education, as we have defined it in the United States (until recently), is not.

Thing is, the digital landscape our students inhabit has changed dramatically since the old assumptions about digital utility in education were formulated. The smartphone has become student interface with much of the world, including families and, yes, classrooms. Anyone simply looking around today can see that the smartphone should be changing all of assumptions about utility of digital tools–but it hasn’t.

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Reading: The New Wilderness (Idle Words)

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ambient privacy

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Reading: An Ode to ‘Desperate Don’

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It’s not an ode. More of a note towards grappling with reality. Would have been more effective as an ode, but trump doesn’t deserve one.

it is when Trump lies out of desperation, out of the fear of being found out, blamed, reprimanded, possibly even abandoned, that most people can relish it. It is in those moments that Trump is most human and our ire toward this liar is most vindicated and validated.

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Reading: Trump’s Other Impeachable Offense

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Article III explained fro those who have forgotten 1974.

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Reading: A Technical and Cultural Assessment of the Mueller Report PDF | PDF Association

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Media archeology. The DoJ preserves the aura of the unique original by drawing mustache on the distributed copy.

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Reading: Daring Fireball: All Podcasts Are Shows; Not All Shows Are Podcasts

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“Luminary is not alone in trying to usurp the term “podcast” for proprietary audio shows … “ but it sure is pushy. A dead-end. Signified by the need to appropriate the term.

“These companies are trying to usurp the word podcast for one simple reason: people love podcasts. What I think and hope they are missing is that part of what people love about podcasts is the openness. It’s one of the last remaining areas of the internet that works exactly as the internet was intended to work.”

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Reading: Mueller report. Here’s what you need to know: ██ ██ ███ ███████ █████ ███ ██ █████ ████████ █████ • The Register

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The Register offers up an essay by erasure of a report by erasure of a ****-**** by any other name.

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Reading: Bret Easton Ellis Thinks You’re Overreacting to Trump | The New Yorker

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A rational exchange about Trump. Ellis is flat and disconnected from the topic. Maybe he’s offering up despair to counter the hysteria he sees in everybody else.