- Critical Article—How Do You Solve a Problem Like Twitterature? Reading and Theorizing “Print” Technologies in the Age of Social Media | Technoculture – On the difficulty of framing our discourse about online discourse in frames other than print. A ramble. – (dh twitter semiotics socialmedia )
- h2g2 – The Guide to Life, The Universe and Everything – – (wiki )
Tag Archives: semiotics
- What the New York Times’s ‘Snow Fall’ Means to Online Journalism’s Future – Technology – The Atlantic Wire – – (none)
- How The New York Times’ ‘Snow Fall’ project unifies text, multimedia | Poynter. – The discussion of how the piece was composed demonstrates that it is more like vid and simulation inserted into the text stream that structures the story, in a very conservative, none-risky way. "better design" here means using the genre-traditional structure to guide the placement of other media. Media are added on not integral to. That's not future. What's revealing is that the designers are basing their choices on traditional text-encompassed values. – (multimedia multimodal journalism semiotics )
- Google Docs vs. Microsoft Word: An Even Matchup? – mark the secion on collaboration: not ral time but asynch, using comments and markup – (collaborativewriting collaboration )
- Data journalism at the Guardian: what is it and how do we do it? – Where data touches rhetorical delivery. A little self-serving (We Are The Guardian), but a good starting point for more investigation. – (data data_analysis visualization journalism prezi )
- Learning Reimagined: Participatory, Peer, Global, Online – Taming a mini-mooc-like environment, with the emphasis on co-learning. – (oer mooc ple )
- Americanisms: 50 of Your Most Noted Examples – - (fyc )
- Stephen Downes: Open Educational Resources: A Definition – This is the way to do it: work towards a genus:species definition (see F/T/W, Ann Berthoff), explaining the rationale behind the choices. – (taxonomy OER definition defining #en3177 )
- OpenLearn – The Open University – OER courses. – (OER )
- CC’s The Power of Open – - (readlater )
- [toread] Post by Robert Scoble: Tips – Yesterday 2:19 PM (edited Yesterday 2:26 PM) A little test – (none)
- Teaching teachers how to teach web media. – Jennifer Jones’ PhD Notebook – An outlined CPD workshop with commentary worth reading. Or commentary on CPD workshops worth reading with an outline of a workshop. – (CDP teaching )
- [toread] MOOCs as ecologies – or – why i work on MOOCs » Dave’s Educational Blog – A step back from the Siemens-Wiley debate. – (MOOC PLE OER )
- [toread] The Technological Dimension of a Massive Open Online Course: The Case of the CCK08 Course Tools | Fini | The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning – - (OER MOOC PLE casestudy )
- Do open online courses have a role in educational reform? « Connectivism – Good entry point to the Siemens and WIley debating some of the qualities and position of MOOCs. “the fact that people don’t have the skills to participate in distributed networks for learning and sensemaking is exactly why we need MOOCs.” – (MOOC PLE OER futureofeducation salvation )
- 80 Apps and Resources for Cloud-Based Web Dev – - (wcw )
- Bloggers illuminated by their screens – Dust off your semiotic analysis hats and take a look at these images of bloggers. – (bloggers blogging semiotics en3177 )
- Hyperbole and a Half – Multimodal composition. – (newjournalism multimodal erhetoric )
- Eye blog » (No) end of print. Reports of print’s death have been greatly exaggerated – Overview, with links and artifacts, of the print debate from a print designer’s perspective. – (visualdesign printculture print design )
- Two centuries of propaganda in posters » OWNI.eu, News, Augmented – Extensive collection for A&E – (A&E fyw argument visualliteracy visual_argument )
- FAQ #1 – Advantages of using the Institutional LMS – Draconian policies in the guise of FAQs from U Toronto. It”s all worth looking at for the naive understanding of teaching and learning, for driving pedagogy by administration, and for the nasty way of passing their silliness off as FAQs. A good one: “Students may be disadvantaged if they are required to learn how to use and navigate multiple systems.” Response: Student *will* be disadvantaged if they do not learn to use multiple systems. – (LMS policy commonsense )
- Confessions of an Aca/Fan: Archives: When Dora the Explorer Met INS: Playing with Popular Icons – semiotic resources from pop culture – (none)
- Bringing Down the Imperial Walker, and Other Protest Signs – semiotics moves to wisconsin – (semiotics liberation )
- Culinaut: A simple (visual) guide to eggs – chickens. eggs. breakfast. – (vizualization poultry )
I trust yesterday’s thinking about semiosis didn’t put people off their reflective dinner. Here’s a review of that I’ve been seeing.
Some lists for reflection
One from JManassa: What Have I Done (sounds ominous): list of blogs viewed, articles read, sites visited, how to’s learned, all with a disclaimer that more’s coming.
One from wadesandstrom: What Wade’s done so far: urls, Daybook posts, and a set of notes. These are all included in the post rather than linked to. That’s aggregating, remixing: drawing all the stuff together in one place to see what he has. Wade also makes some comments on his comments, and uses those to point up what problems, what he’s learned, and what he’s achieved in doing it. The comment on creating a prezi shows this best. Also catches up with that prezi in a belated project: Digital Media and Our World.
[Wade's prezi is worth a study. He uses the action on the screen to specify the relationship between each statement: two opposing views are on opposite ends of a swing; statements that are conceptually near each other are also spatially near each other; the size of the font and length of the sentence define emphasis and hierarchical relationships. There's an interesting deictic move, where one statement - "This is known as cultural determinism" - points back to the previous statement by way of movement. "This" points to the previous view rather than a noun in the previous statement. Mostly white text on black ground, using blue text to define sections.]
treygeorge gathers stuff together in a way similar to Wade: a link to the source, and a comment on each: what he did, what happened, value or significance of that doing. At the end of the post (rather than standing on its own), he has a link to a MindMeister map: week1-week6. Map nodes link to activities. The map shows how the list can be repurposed – in this case, reorganized and made ready for more annotation. That is, the map gives far more affordance to annotating, organizing, and taking further notes and observations than Trey’s first set of notes. It can also become the framework laterreflections: branches added, cross-links added, icons, images …
jadeowl posted Week 6: Summary: a chronology of dated events (cf the blog post order of reverse chronology). As others do, she aggregates links to what she’s done, now collected under date and framed with an italicized title and a few observations on the activity. Those observations move between technical moves and content notes.
Some really interesting starts- the major trope being repurposing: students are aggregating and annotating their work of 6 weeks as a preparation for repurposing. Bang on the money for Stephen Downes and How This Course Works. More reflections coming, I assume.
Reflection appears easy: Just write what you think, off the top of the head, fast and furious, no revision because that wouldn’t be authentic. That’s the start of reflection, but you miss a lot if you stop at that. Better to start with just a list. That way, you don’t fool yourself into thinking you’ve reflected.
I want to say “Reflection is hard,” but it’s not really that hard. It’s first off a stock-taking, which is easy enough. Get your ducks in a row, your shit together, your poo in a pile … Make a list. The first move of ordering or collecting or gathering represents what’s significant and what’s less so; it specifies those artifacts that are going to be part of the new artifact; it represents what that stuff is going to be this time; and it represents the relations between the stuff. The problem is that people often stop with the pile-making. “There’s my list. Now you sort it out.”
I could sort it out. So could the list-maker. But there’s so little to work with at this point that the working out is boring and trivial. We both need another move.
To reflect is to go one step further make semiotic sense of those now-collected artifacts. It’s one of those moments when we freeze the ongoing internal semiosis by putting it into external form. That’s the harder part. Hard for the rhetor. Not so hard as to be undoable. It just requires a little more effort than a mind-dump. But it’s the interpretation of the artifacts, the re-presentation, that really opens to the reflection.
But the situation is this: The rhetor is only so adept with with the affordances of the artifacts. To the rhetor, that he represented what he learned as a list of statements, ordered not by time of occurrence but by order of recall, may not have any semiotic potency. To the rhetor, the ordering of the list might be insignificant, inert. To the rhetor, what might be significant is compiling the list itself: the task represented, not the representation.
To the interpreter of the reflection, the semiosis might proceed very differently. Like this:
Here’s Kress working with a child’s drawing as he details how Georgia uses the affordances of drawing to represent her place in the family:
In Figure 3a Georgia stands on the right hand side of her mother; in Figure 3b she stands between her parents. I will not elaborate any more than I did in relation to the linguistic examples. In Figure 3b Georgia is the centre both of the representation and of the family (she
Fig. 3. (a and b) Georgia’s family.14 G. Kress / Computers and Composition 22 (2005) 5–22
was then the only child), framed by her parents; in Figure 3a she is on the outside of the group, though next to one parent—nearer to her mother and consequently more distant from the other. The relations between the three participants in the two images are structured and represented as being profoundly different. The means for making these meanings are the resources of spatial and simultaneous representation. Georgia has used other affordances of the spatial mode: size for instance. In reality, she was, at that time, taller than she has represented herself here; hence, her size is the representation and/or sign of an affective meaning: affectively she sees her parents as so much bigger. She has also used placement in the framed space, so that her father is, so to speak, lifted off the ground by several inches; in reality he was much shorter than his wife, but Georgia’s sign endows him with the same height, though remaining accurate about his actual size. Colour is also affectively used: Her mother is drawn as much brighter, much more colourful than her father, more even than she has drawn herself.
When she creates her reflection, the rhetor is in the position of Georgia: Using semiotically active resources to make sense of her recent activities. Not all the potential semiotic resources will be active for the rhetor. This isn’t a matter of awareness, or partial awareness, or deficit. Assume that the rhetor is using the affordances she’s aware of and adept at to create the best possible representation at the moment, and the representation will hold. It will tell us what we want to know: How does this rhetor represent her knowledge at this moment? It’s in this way we can use reflection as a legitimate means of evaluation.
The interpreter has other knowledge of affordances and can use elements that the rhetor may not be familiar with or aware of to create an interpretation of the reflection. The original rhetor will have her interpretation of the reflection, too, which she will create as she knows how. But the interpreter knows, too, according to her knowledge, and we would expect the interpreter to be able to bring more semiotic resources to bear on the artifact. If not more, than other.
Anyway, that’s why I encouraged students to shift mode when they created their reflections on their first 5 weeks in Weblogs and Wikis.
3. Then, using your list as a guide, create an artifact that lets you reflect on what you’ve done in the course so far and to consider where you are going next. This can be a mind map or concept map, a time line, a flow chart, a set of linked pages on your wiki, a PPT deck, a comic, a prezi, an online scrapbook … you know the range by now. (But because knowledge is interlinked, a concept map of what you have learned in this class so far might be a good artifact to work with on this one.)
If you’d rather, you can use a written reflective essay (a set of concept maps), extensive poem, video, or audio. Whichever lets you reflect and articulate what you’ve done, what you’ve learned, and where you plan on going next.
The activity was phrased to allow each student to choose the media and mode she each thought would best represent what she knows and has done. I’m assuming that some students will be most comfortable with and feel most adept at the semiotic affordances of the word-processed university essay. I’m hoping that others might try new media, which, being new to them, could make them more aware of affordances as affordances, might even open alternative representations. Making the choice of media is part of the representation of knowledge: It signals which media and mode the student now feels is most apt to the characteristics of what she wants to represent. That was my thinking, anyway.
Like this, again from Kress:
The new media make it possible to use the mode that seems most apt for the purposes of representation and communication: If I need to represent something best done as image I can now do so, similarly with writing. Aptness of mode to the characteristics of that represented is much more a feature now—it is a facility of the new media. Aptness of mode and what is represented is not the only issue: Equally significant now is the aptness of fit between mode and audience. I can now choose the mode according to what I know or might imagine is the preferred mode of the audience I have in mind.
So, what happened? Dunno yet. I’ll save that for t0morrow.
Cited here: Kress, G. (2005). Gains and losses: New forms of texts, knowledge, and learning. Computers and Composition, 22(1), 5-22. doi:10.1016/j.compcom.2004.12.004
See also: Bezemer, & Kress. (2008). Writing in multimodal texts: A social semiotic account of designs for learning. Written Communication, 25, 166. doi:10.1177/0741088307313177
- Internet Society (ISOC) Future Internet Scenarios – Scenario planning for the interwebs. What's in your future? – (internet trends )
- Top 48 ads that would never be allowed today » Article » OWNI.eu, Digital Journalism – Racism. sexism, misogyny: marketing. Spurious arguments even in context. – (advertising ads media fyc visualliteracy semiotics persuasion )
- SPIEGEL Interview with Umberto Eco: ‘We Like Lists Because We Don’t Want to Die’ – Sometimes the seemingly simple are rich semiotic texts. – (semiotics lists )
- Humanities Scholars Embrace Digital Technology – NYTimes.com – One for the local lib ed folks. We don't do numbers, right? – (libed libarts2.0 humanities visualization history newliteracy )
- SPIEGEL Interview with Umberto Eco: ‘We Like Lists Because We Don’t want to die" – Semiotician on lists. – (semiotics lists )
A caveat: I’m working only from my own experience in making these suggestions. Experience is limited and limiting, but these are the moves that I can trace back and forward to my being able to learn independently. I’d suggest that my experience is not unique, so others might find the set useful. These are not the only moves, but I would argue they are foundational.
For a learner new to using a PLE, I would advise the following in no particular order. Get everything used. Ideally, you can pass the books on when you’re done with them.
> Get and read and work through the first 8 chapters of Stoner and Perkins, Making Sense of Messages. For evaluation, don’t compose a paper. Do something else, multimodal.
> Read Lanham’s Analyzing Prose, 2nd edition. Follow his lead in a chapter of your choice in workiung with someth9hg other than a literary text: use your drivers license, or a menu. Then see if you can apply any of the techniques Lanham uses to something visual.
> Read and work through Berthoff’s Forming/Thinking/Writing. There are assisted invitations. Take up the invitations. Start and use a dialectic journal. Draw as well as write. Read Louis Agassiz as a Teacher, by Lane Cooper (Gutenberg link), especially those of Shaler and Scudder. Pretend you are a student and Berthoff is your Agassiz.
> Read social semiotics – not commentary on it but the actual stuff. Social semiotics will give you the literacy chops you’ll need to really read the texts you’ll encounter online and in RL. I haven’t found a good practice book yet, so practice Kress’s techniques on non-textual artifacts: a fashion spread, a car or two, something your kid drew at primary school. Try one of these: Multimodal Discourse, Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual…, Multimodality: A Social Semiotic Approach to Contemporary Communication. If you don’t get it right away, push on. You will.
> Read and with practice something on visual thinking. I like Colin Ware, Visual Thinking for Design, and Horn, Visual Language, but Dan Roam, The Back of a Napkin and books of that ilk are good. Ask around. Search Amazon and read reviews to find something comfortable.
Why not read bits and pieces of these things online? If you want to, if you can locate them, go ahead. Some of the books aren’t available in e-versions, or only bits are available online. Those that are will read differently – hence mean differently – than the print versions. Materiality is modal; we create meaning with it – but you’ll still get what you need. My suggestion is to read and manipulate the texts: try to do what they do. Practice. Take your time.
Two more if you fancy novels: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, and Lila, both by Pirsig. Read these as you read about Agassiz: as an autonomous learner on the move. Just don’t romanticize them. Please.
The PLENK2010 readings this week point towards critical literacies and semiotics (skills as languages), and the challenge is that the facilitiators are providing less guidance by way of reading of how to connect the ideas to practices. That is left to us.
I say yay. Hooray. Huzzah.
Downes in LOLcats take 2 – about Learning in new media – illustrates the change in literacy on the net, and makes an argument for understanding skills as semiotic transactions in http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-take-2 New media is a language. The Jenkins slides 34ff are the important ones here. The ground of PLE is stated in slide 41: when people construct artifacts they are constructing media with which to think < and old saw in comp/rhet. Slide 46 makes the link to critical literacies, when we ask, as good rhetoricians, about purposes, power, assumptions that inform and shape the communication. Objects communicate; they are semiotic artifacts, so these questions can be asked and answered by objects. How does the iPad serve the creators/sellers fundamental purpose? What assumptions are the designers making in their reasoning?
Downes takes a nice shot at Cialdini’s 50 Scientifically Proven Ways to be Persuasive with one arrow: Fallacious Tropes (slide 49). Consider what that book is going to look like: a scientific treatise? Consider who you have to be to take the book seriously because of the title’s claim. Consider the underlying assumptions the authors claim t build on by way of the title’s claim. One shot at that book becomes a killer shot at much of olde worlde educational thinking that is scientifically proven.
Downes: The concept of personal learning is that there is no teacher.
Hang around and skim the related slide shares: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/connectivism-in-practice-critical-thinking-as-a-distributed-course, and http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/pedagogical-foundations-for-personal-learning.
What this means, then, is Study Social Semiotics. Now. Read Kress. We speak in artifacts and need to learn the appropriate languages.
To do: Create an exercise for a PLE learner that might allow him or her to link a critical literacy premise with an artifact that illustrates that premise, just as Downes does in LOLcats. Then do that exercise yourself.